Eveliina Lyytinen


Senior Researcher


Tel. +358 (0)400 219 184



Academic Degrees:

  • Doctor of Philosophy (D.Phil.) in Human Geography/Refugee Studies, University of Oxford, 2014
  • Master of Science in Forced Migration, University of Oxford, 2008
  • Master of Science in Human Geography, University of Turku, 2006


  • Forced migration, refugees, urban refugees, qualitative research methods, research ethics



Qualitative refugee research as part of the Coming of Age in Exile (CAGE) -project (Sub-studies 2 c: A comparative analysis of Nordic policies to facilitate entry into the labor market & 3 b: Young refugees in the labour market - What are the experiences of the trajectory from education to labour market), expert assignments on forced migration

Current Research:

Coming of Age in Exile (CAGE)

I work as a researcher in a comparative Nordic study Coming of Age in Exile (CAGE) - Health and Socio-Economic Inequities in Young Refugees in the Nordic Welfare Societies funded by the NordForsk for 2015-2019.

The project is coordinated by the Danish Research Centre for Migration, Ethnicity and Health (MESU), Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen. Project partners in addition to the Institute of Migration include CHESS Karolinska Institutet/Stockholm University, University of Gothenburg, The Norwegian Centre for Violence and Traumatic Stress Studies, and Telemark University College/Faculty of Health and Social Studies.

I engage in two studies (2015-2018) within the project regarding (study 2) Comparative analyses of welfare policies in the Nordic countries and (study 3) Qualitative studies of education and participation on the labour market.

Sub-study 2 c: A Comparative Analysis of Nordic Policies to Facilitate Entry into the Labour Market (1.11.2015-31.12.2016)

This study aims to provide a broad comparative overview of policies in the Nordic countries to facilitate entry into the labour market for young persons in general, and young refugees in particular. The study will be based on qualitative analyses of policy documents issued by the national governments on general labour market policies for young people as well as policies that specifically target refugees. Labour laws, labour regulations and documents of evaluations of policies will also be looked for and included in the study material, as will national statistics on labour market participation for young persons. The study material will be analysed in a cross country and secular perspective to identify major differences between the Nordic countries at specific time periods. The results from this policy analysis will feed into the comparative register analyses of labour market participation and subsequent effects on health and income. They will also constitute the base for labour market policy recommendations in the final report of the project.

Participants: Karl Gauffin (Study Coordinator, Sweden), Lena Andersson (Sweden), Isabell Schierenbeck (Sweden) and Eveliina Lyytinen (Finland).

Sub-study 3 b: Young Refugees in the Labour Market - What are the experiences of the trajectory from education to labour market (1.11.2015–31.12.2018)

This study will explore the experiences of young refugees (18-30-year-old, who have arrived to Finland before adulthood) in the trajectory from different types of educational institutions to an active role in the local labour market using Finland as a Nordic case and explore the experiences of employers of employing refugees. The interviews with refugees will be analysed using a narrative life story approach. Interviews with a diverse sample of employers will also be conducted guided by research questions about recruitment strategies in general and experiences of particular advantages/disadvantages with employees with a refugee background. These interviews will be analysed with content analysis. The interview material will thereby be used to contextualize findings from the register studies (study 1).

Participants: Elli Heikkilä (Study Coordinator, Finland) and Eveliina Lyytinen (Finland)

Central Publications:

  • Lyytinen, E. & Lepola, O. (2018) Docpoint: Elämää kolmessa maassa. Politiikasta-blogiteksti, 26.1.2018 (http://politiikasta.fi/docpoint-elamaa-kolmessa-maassa/)
  • Gauffin, K. & Lyytinen, E. (2017) Working for Integration - A Comparative Analysis of Policies Impacting Labour Market Access among Young Immigrants and Refugees in the Nordic Countries. CAGE project report. (http://cage.ku.dk/publications/CAGE_Policy_Report_1.pdf)
  • Lyytinen, E. (forthcoming) ‘In a group you feel OK, but outside there you are ready to die’ – The role of a support group in disabled refugees’ struggles for their ‘right to the city’ in Kampala, Uganda. Michael E Leary-Owhin & John P McCarthy (eds.) Routledge Handbook of Henri Lefebvre, the City and Urban Society, Routledge.
  • Lyytinen, E. ja A. Zaidan (2017) Kun he unelmoivat, heidän piti paeta. Alio-kirjoitus. Turun Sanomat, 20.6.2017
  • Lyytinen, E. (2017) Kauhuskenaarioista ja vaihtoehtoisista totuuksista etiikkaan. Järjestöjen kriittisiä huomioita ympäristön muutoksesta ja humanitaarisesta toiminnasta. Siirtolaisuus-Migration, 1: 16–17.
  • Lyytinen, E. (2017) Olemmeko kartalla? Suomalaisten viranomaisten ja IOM:n näkemyksiä ympäristön muutokseen ja muuttoliikkeisiin. Siirtolaisuus-Migration, 1: 29–30.
  • Lyytinen, E. (2017) Refugees 'Journeys of Trust: Creating an Analytical Framework to Examine Refugees Exilic Journeys with a Focus on Trust. Journal of Refugee Studies, 30 (4): 489–501 (doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/jrs/few035)
  • Lyytinen, E. (2016) Pakkomuutto haasteena ja mahdollisuutena - globaaleja ja kansallisia suojelumalleja etsimässä, 73-88. Teoksessa: Heikkilä, E. ja Martikainen, T. (toim). Maassamuutto ja siirtolaisuus kehityksen moottoreina? IX Muuttoliikesymposium 2015. Siirtolaisuusinstituutti, Turku (http://www.migrationinstitute.fi/fi/publication/maassamuutto-ja-siirtolaisuus-kehityksen-moottoreina)
  • Lyytinen, E. (2016) Liikkuvuuden tutkimusta ja arkea Beirutissa, Libanonissa. Siirtolaisuus-Migration, 3-4: 62-64. Migration Institute of Finland, Turku. (http://www.migrationinstitute.fi/fi/julkaisut/siirtolaisuus-migration)
  • Lyytinen, E. (2016) Havaintoja pakkomuuttotutkimuksen poliittisuudesta. ETMU blogi, 22.8.2016 (http://etmu.fi/havaintoja-pakkomuuttotutkimuksen-poliittisuudesta/)
  • Lyytinen, E. (2016) Informal places of protection: Congolese refugees’ ‘communities of trust’ in Kampala, Uganda. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies (http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1369183X.2016.1207506
  • Lyytinen, E. (2016) Maailman pakolaispäivä muistuttaa meitä solidaarisuudesta ja perhe-elämän merkityksestä (”World Refugee Day reminds us of solidarity and the importance of family”) Alio-kirjoitus/Op-ed. Turun Sanomat, 20.6.2016. 
  • Lyytinen, E. (2016) Tutkimusmatkaa kaupungista kaupunkiin (”Reserach expedition from city to city”). Siirtolaisuus-Migration, 2: 20–22. Institute of Migration, Turku. (http://www.migrationinstitute.fi/fi/julkaisut/siirtolaisuus-migration
  • Lyytinen, E. (2015) Book review: Sans Papiers. The Social and Economic Lives of Young Undocumented Migrants by Bloch Alice, Sigona Nando & Zetter Roger. Siirtolaisuus - Migration, 4: 38–39 (http://www.migrationinstitute.fi/fi/news/siirtolaisuus-migration-42015
  • Lyytinen, E. (2015) Pakkomuuttajien suojelu (“Protection of forced migrants”). RajatOn -educational material for schools on borders and forced migration (https://rajatontatiedekasvatusta.wordpress.com/oppimateriaali/pakkomuuttajien-suojelu/
  • Lyytinen, E. (2015) Pakkomuuttajat turvaa hakemassa (”Forced migrants seeking safety”). RajatOn - educational material for schools on borders and forced migration (https://rajatontatiedekasvatusta.wordpress.com/turvaa-hakemassa/)
  • Lyytinen, E. (2015) Congolese refugees' 'right to the city' and urban protection in Kampala, Uganda. Journal of Eastern African Studies, 9 (4): 593-611
  • Lyytinen, E. (2015) Refugees' sense of place in Uganda: Geographical scales of urban protection and host-refugee relations. Refugee Survey Quarterly, 34 (2): 45-77.
  • Lyytinen, E. (2015) The politics of mistrust amongst and between Congolese refugees and the institutions providing refugee protection in Kampala, Uganda. In Koizumi, K. and G. Hoffstaedter (eds.) Urban Refugees Challenges in protection, service and policy. Research in place, space and politics series, Routledge, London.
  • Zetter, R., Ruaudel, H., Deardorff-Miller, S., Lyytinen, E. and Thibos, C. (2014) The Syrian displacement crisis and a Regional Development and Protection Programme: Mapping and meta-analysis of existing studies of costs, impacts and protection. Tana Copenhagen and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark. (http://www.alnap.org/resource/10679)
  • Lyytinen, E. (2014) Yhä useampi pakolainen asuu kaupungissa ("The majority of refugees live in urban areas"). Vieraskynä/Op-ed. Helsingin Sanomat, 18.7.2014. (http://www.hs.fi/paakirjoitukset/a1405571949368)
  • Lyytinen, E. (2013) Spaces of trust and mistrust: Congolese refugees, institutions and protection in Kampala, Uganda. Unpublished DPhil thesis. School of Geography, University of Oxford.
  • Lyytinen, E. and Kullenberg, J. (2013) Urban Refugee Research and Social Capital. A Roundtable Report and Literature Review. International Rescue Committee and Women's Refugee Commission, New York. (http://womensrefugeecommission.org/programs/livelihoods/research-and-resources/908-urban-refugee-research-and-social-capital)
  • Lyytinen, E. (2011). The exclusion of urban IDPs. Pambazuka News, 27.7.2011 (Online: http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/75223)
  • Lyytinen, E. (2009). A tale of three cities: IDPs, urbanization and humanitarian action in Abidjan, Khartoum and Mogadishu. New Issues in Refugee Research, UNHCR. (http://www.unhcr.org/4a1d33e96.html)
  • Lyytinen, E. (2009). Household energy in refugee and IDPs camps - Challenges and solutions for UNHCR. New Issues in Refugee Research, UNHCR. (http://www.unhcr.org/4a1d2f422.html)
  • Lyytinen, E. (2008) UNHCR`s protection of internally displaced persons (IDPs) under the cluster approach. MSc dissertation in Forced Migration, Refugee Studies Centre, University of Oxford. (http://www.migrationinstitute.fi/files/pdf/webreport/webreport_041.pdf)
  • Lyytinen, E. (2007) Pakkomuutto globaaliongelmana ("Forced Migration as a Global Problem"). MSc thesis in Human Geography, Department of Geography, University of Turku.(http://www.migrationinstitute.fi/files/pdf/webreport/webreport_022.pdf)

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