Maili Malin

 

Senior Researcher

maili.malin@utu.fi

+358 40 021 9720

 


Academic Degree:

  • PhD in sociology Helsinki University 2006
  • Adjunct professor Helsinki University 2011

Specialised Migrants' health and wellbeing, ethnic and socioeconomic health disparities, youth, children, women, reproductive health, social and health care system
 

NordForsk

Current Research:

Comparative Registry Studies in National Cohorts of Young Refugees

I work as researcher in a comparative Nordic study CAGE -Coming of Age in Exile (CAGE) - Health and Socio-Economic Inequities in Young Refugees in the Nordic Welfare Societies funded by the NordForsk for 2015-2019.  The CAGE study will produce new knowledge about the mechanisms that lie behind socio-economic and health inequities in refugee populations in the Nordic countries compared with the majority populations.  The study will provide evidence not only relevant for young refugees but also for the situation of the offspring of refugees, older refugees and other immigrant/minority populations. By studying efforts to improve the health and life situation for this vulnerable group of young refugees, learning can be transferred to other social disadvantaged group, thereby reducing inequalities in the distribution of health and welfare and strengthening equity, health and human and societal welfare. The comparative approach and the comprehensive policy analyses in health reception, education and labor market participation will allow for evaluation of many of the existing national policies in these policy areas. Combined with the new knowledge about mechanisms, this will be essential information for creating new and better policies in these key areas of welfare policy for refugees with relevance also for other migrant youth.

One of the major problems in quantitative research on refugee youth worldwide is lack of sufficient numbers which often result in the pitfall of collapsing nonsensical groups to gain statistical power. The Nordic countries have comprehensive and valid health, labor and education registers from decades. This unique possibilities of the Nordic national registries to follow individuals over time with minimal attrition will add to this expected international interest for this study. By merging the comprehensive and valid Nordic registries on refugee youth, we can obtain exceptional large datasets in this research context which will ensure unique research possibilities.

Thus, in the Comparative Registry Studies in National Cohorts of Young Refugees will use data from national registries to investigate mechanisms in the trajectories from adolescence to the mental health and socio-economic situation of the young adult refugee related to mental health status in childhood, reception policies, education and labor market participation. The primary study population will consist of refugees who settled in the Nordic countries from the 1990's onwards in the age of 0-19. Comparison populations will be offspring of refugees and other immigrants and the age-matched majority population in each country. Methods: Register data on country of origin, age at and year of immigration, municipality of residence and gender will be included in the analysis. The health outcomes and labor market participation will be studied by indicators of migrant density in the area of residency and by the educational indicators (the highest achieved and the type of education, grades). Indicators of position on the labor market will be based on type of employment and income as well as social welfare benefits. Mental health indicators will be based on consumption of hospital care and other psychiatric specialist care with specified diagnoses indicating mental health problems in different categories, self-inflicted injuries, illicit drug and alcohol abuse and prescribed psychotropic drugs. Indicators of chronic health problems and disabilities will also be created from income attributed to such problems. Analysis: Firstly, the register indicators on education and labor market participation will be compared between study groups within and between countries in multivariate two-level analysis to identify patterns associated with the policy differences identified in projects 2a-c. Secondly, these indicators will be included in a longitudinal analysis of trajectories from adolescence to outcomes of socio-economic and mental health outcomes in the age of 25-30 years. Patterns of labor market participation in relation to educational achievement will be analysed by background characteristics (country/region of birth) to identify possible discriminatory processes. Consequences of migrant density on mental health, education and labor market participation and the trajectories will be investigated in data on municipality and school characteristics in relation to the above mentioned indicators. This study will build on the policy analyses of Study 2a-c and the results will be further contextualised in study 3a-b. Participants: Anders Hjern (Study Coordinator, S), Ketil Eide (N), Elli Heikkilä (F) Signe Smith Nielsen (DK) and 2 PhDs (DK and N), 3 postdocs (S, N and Maili Malin), and a Senior Statistican (S)

Key Publications:

  • Malin M, Kinnunen JK, Rimpelä A. (2015). Maahanmuuttajataustaisten oppilaiden elinolot, hyvinvointi ja koulumenestys. Kirjassa Mari-Pauliina Vainikainen ja Arja Rimpelä (toim.) Nuorten kehitysympäristö muutoksessa. Peruskoulujen oppimistulokset ja oppilaiden hyvinvointi eriytyvällä Helsingin seudulla. Helsingin yliopisto, Käyttäytymistieteellinen tiedekunta, Opettajankoulutuslaitos Tutkimuksia No 363, Helsinki  http://www.helsinki.fi/cea/julkaisut/Nuorten_kehitysymparisto_muutoksessa_web.pdf
  • Malin M, Leinonen E, Trang L. (2014). Traumat, kiusaaminen ja syrjintä. Kirjassa Wikström  K, Haikkola L, Laatikainen T. (toim.) Maahanmuuttajataustaisten nuorten terveys ja hyvinvointi. Tutkimus somali- ja kurditaustaisista nuorista. Työpaperi 17, Terveyden ja hyvinvoinnin laitos on http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-302-212-6
  • Malin M. (2014). Seurustelu ja seksuaalisuus. Kirjassa Wikström K, Haikkola L, Laatikainen T. (toim.) Maahanmuuttajataustaisten nuorten terveys- ja hyvinvointi. Tutkimus somali- ja kurditaustaisista nuorista. Työpaperi 17, Terveyden ja hyvinvoinnin laitos on http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-302-212-6
  • Mäki P & Malin M. (2014). Mieliala, masennusoireet ja itsetunto. Kirjassa Wikström K, Haikkola L, Laatikainen T. (toim.) Maahanmuuttajataustaisten nuorten terveys- ja hyvinvointi. Tutkimus somali- ja kurditaustaisista nuorista. Työpaperi 17, Terveyden ja hyvinvoinnin laitos on http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-302-212-6
  • Malin M. & Anis M. (2013). Maahanmuuttajat hyvinvointivaltiossa. Kirjassa Martikainen T, Säävälä M, Saukkonen P. (toim.) Muuttajat. Kansainvälinen muuttoliike ja suomalainen yhteiskunta. Gaudeamus, Helsinki.
  • Malin M. (2013). Syrjäytyminen ja syrjintä. Kirjassa Martikainen T, Säävälä M, Saukkonen P. (toim.)  Muuttajat. Kansainvälinen muuttoliike ja suomalainen yhteiskunta. Gaudeamus, Helsinki. Malin M. (2011). Maahanmuuttajien terveyteen ja hyvinvointiin vaikuttavat tekijät. Yhteiskuntapolitiikka 76(2):201-213.
  • Malin M.  (2011). Maahanmuuttajanaisten lisääntymisterveys vaatii erityshuomiota. Suomen Lääkärilehti, 42.
  • Malin  M, Laatikainen T, Säävälä M, Alitolppa-Niitamo A. (2011). Maahanmuuttajataustaisten nuorten terveys ja hyvinvointitutkimus. Hyvinvointikatsaus 3.
  • Malin M & Raisamo S. (2011). Maahanmuuttajien elinolojen ja terveyden selvittämiseksi on tehtävä erillisiä tutkimuksia. Maahanmuuttajien hyvinvointisurveyt I/II. Hyvinvointikatsaus 4.
  • Malin M & Raisamo S. (2012). Maahanmuuttajien hyvinvointitutkimuksen kehittäminen auttaa sekä maahanmuuttajia että yhteiskuntaa. Maahanmuuttajien hyvinvointisurveyt II. Hyvinvointikatsaus 2:67-71.
  • Malin M & Gissler M. (2009). Maternal care and birth outcomes among ethnic minority women in Finland. BMC Public Health, 9:84 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/9/84
  • Malin  M & Gissler  M. (2008). Induced abortions among immigrant women in Finland. Finnish Journal of Ethnicity and Migration, 3(1):2-12. http://www.etmu.fi/fjem/pdf/FJEM_1_2008.pdf

     

© Siirtolaisuusinstituutti - Migration Institute of Finland Back to top